Reports in Case : Krajisnik - "Bosnia and Herzegovina"
ROLE OF HIRED KILLERS IN THE ETHNIC CLEANSING
Witnesses at the trial of Momcilo Krajisnik – former Bosnian Serb political leader and Assembly speaker– describe the tasks of hired killers in the towns and villages of eastern Bosnia.
VOLUNTEERS WITHOUT BORDERS
Miroslav Deronjic testifies at the trial of Momcilo Krajisnik that in the Drina Valley municipalities, the SDS took over power according to an "identifiable pattern," in which Arkan's men and other volunteers from Serbia played an important role.
THE “SHIPMENT” TO PALE
Why did Miroslav Deronjic send 400 Bosniak detainees from Bratunac to Pale, the "capital" of what was then the Serbian Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, in May 1992?
“WHOSE IS BOSNIA?”
How the municipal maps in Bosnia and Herzegovina were drawn on the basis of ethnic structure and land ownership.
BOSNIA AS A "CONNECTION"
Seventh witness at the trial of Momcilo Krajisnik, an expert of the Hague Tribunal, Pat Treanor analyses the genesis of the Serbian Democratic Party policy in BH from its inception in the summer of 1991 until the end of 1992
"A WELL-COORDINATED DUET" – KARADZIC AND KRAJISNIK
Prosecution expert testifies about the role that the accused Momcilo Krajisnik played in the "division of labor" at the top of the Serbian Democratic Party (SDS) in 1991 and 1992
THE PAPER TRAIL
The prosecution has a number of official Republika Srpska documents, mostly confidential in nature, clearly indicating the designs and plans of the Bosnian Serb political and military leadership
OF PISTOLS AND MAPS
What made Krajisnik, Karadjic and Koljevic happy in Lisbon in February 1992?
KRAJISNIK COMPLAINS AND CRITICISES
Momcilo Krajisnik's defense counsel, British lawyer Nicholas Stewart, requests the presence of Chief Prosecutor Carla del Ponte at one of the hearings because he wants to "make some criticisms." The accused himself complains about Tribunal interpreters, the SENSE Agency, the Registry and, finally, his own defense counsel.
DID IZETBEGOVIC ADVOCATE THE STRATEGIC GOALS OF THE SERBIAN PEOPLE?
Momcilo Krajisnik's defense is trying to prove that there are no differences between Cutileiro's plan for BH, Izetbegovic's attitudes and the six strategic goals of the Serbian people in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
"IF SOMEONE SETS A HOUSE ON FIRE, IT'S ONLY LOGICAL HE WON'T LET YOU PUT IT OUT"
The duty of firefighters in Brcko in 1992 was not to put out fires in mosques and Bosniak homes, but to make sure they did not spread to neighboring Serb houses and buildings.
"ONE-SIDED SHOOTING" PRECEDED EXPULSION
The trial of Momcilo Krajisnik, adjourned on 23 April, continued today with the testimony of two prosecution witnesses
"OPERATIONAL PROCESSING OF DETAINEES"
As the trial of Momcilo Krajisnik continues, the court hears the testimony of Mirzet Karabeg, president of the Executive Board in the Sanski Most municipality in 1992 who later became a detainee in the Betonirka detention facility and the Manjaca camp.
MASSACRE AT THE VRHPOLJE BRIDGE
On 31 May 1992, witness Raif Begic survived the execution of some 20 Bosniak men from the villages of Gornji Begici and Donji Begici, near Sanski Most.
ATTEMPTS TO CONDUCT ETHNIC CLEANSING UNDER UN AUSPICES
UN official Charles Kirudja testifies at the trial of Momcilo Krajisnik that Serb authorities in Bosanski Novi and Dvor na Uni tried to conduct the deportation of Muslims from Krajina under "international auspices."
The moving of Muslims from the Bosnian Krajina in the summer and fall of 1992 was the result of "organized and systematic ethnic cleansing," former UN official Charles Kirudja concludes at the trial of Momcilo Krajisnik.
MILAN BABIC BEGINS HIS TESTIMONY IN CLOSED SESSION
After deciding it is "in the interest of the public" that the former president of the former Republic of Serbian Krajina testify "live" instead of by deposition, the Trial Chamber decides his testimony should be heard in closed session. No explanation is given.
UNREASONABLE OBJECTIVES LEAD TO UNNATURAL RESULTS
In cross-examination of Ambassador Herbert Okun, Momcilo Krajisnik's defense tries to prove that Bosnian Serb war objectives were "reasonable and natural" and that one "could not find any fault with them."
ADJOURMENT IN "THE INTEREST OF JUSTICE"
Momcilo Krajisnik's defense counsel seek more time and better conditions to prepare for the defense and therefore propose that the current break in the proceedings be extended until at least 4 October
HIGH-RANKING SDS OFFICIAL AT THE SITE OF MASSACRE
As the trial of Momcilo Krajisnik resumed, protected witness 565 testified about abuse and murder of Bosniaks in Sanski Most in the summer of 1992
FROM TAKE-OVER TO EXPULSION
As the trial of Momcilo Krajisnik continues, a testimony was heard about the events in Kljuc in late 1991, when SDS members unlawfully took over power in the municipality and paved the way for the expulsion of the non-Serb population
VIDEO TAPES AND "THREE TRUTHS"
Prosecution witness Asim Egrlic testified about the events in Kljuc in May 1992 at the trial of Momcilo Krajisnik – The accused appealed to the Trial Chamber to "establish the truth"
PROPAGANDA AND ARMING
“Serbs were told that the Muslims wanted jihad and would kill them all," witness Izet Redzic stated, describing how the Serb population, including children, was armed months before the actual conflict in Vlasenica. He states that the conflict was organized in accordance with the instructions from the SDS top; the accused Momcilo Krajisnik was a prominent member of the SDS.
MURDERS AND DETENTION IN VLASENICA
The prosecution is trying to prove that the key decisions in Vlasenica in 1992 – pertaining to civilian and military issues and to the Susica camp – were taken by the municipal Crisis Staff, composed of SDS members. The accused Momcilo Krajisnik was a top figure in the party.
WHY BOSNIAKS LEFT PALE?
The Bosniak population was intimidated and faced with the choice of either leaving or possibly being killed, a prosecution witness testified at the trial of Momcilo Krajisnik. The defence is trying to prove that the Bosniaks sought to leave themselves because of increased tensions.
“WE ARE ALIVE, BUT IT'S AS IF WE WERE DEAD”
At the trial of Momcilo Krajisnik, witness Faik Biscevic said that the SDS leadership in Sanski Most indicated before taking over power in May 1992 that the municipality was to become part of the Serbia state of Western Krajina, whose capital was Banja Luka. He described the preparations for this “project”.
KRAJISNIK SEEKS PERMISSION TO CROSS-EXAMINE PROSECUTION WITNESS
Noting that this is "a very important witness" whom he "knew very well," Momcilo Krajisnik seeks permission from the Trial Chamber to ask a protected prosecution witness a few questions after his defense counsel completes his cross-examination.
KRAJISNIK NOT ALLOWED TO QUESTION PROSECUTION WITNESS
Judges dismiss Momcilo Krajisnik's demand to question a prosecution witness; in their opinion, it would be contrary to current practice. Furthermore, "in the case of this witness, the accused failed to present persuasive arguments in favor of changing the practice."
THOSE WHO REMAINED “GOT TO BE KILLED”
At the trial of former SDS leader Momcilo Krajisnik, charged with genocide and persecutions in BH, a witness from Kalinovik describes a mass execution of Bosniak prisoners he survived by chance.
POLITICIAN PLAYED A CRUCIAL ROLE
Momcilo Krajisnik had "enormous authority with SDS members and sympathizers" and played a "crucial role in the implementation of the SDS platform," witness Stjepan Kljuic testifies at the trial of the former Bosnian Serb political leader.
STRATEGIC GOALS AND "BLITZKRIEG"
After the Bosnian Serb Assembly made public its "strategic goals," the worst crimes were committed, said witness Stjepan Kljuic at the trial of former speaker of the Assembly, Momcilo Krajisnik. "In a well-prepared military onslaught, Bosnian Serbs captured large parts of the territory…. It was a blitzkrieg against an unarmed population."
ULTIMATUMS AND FAILED NEGOTIATIONS
In 1991, the SDS sought to find partners to divide up BH because "it was not interested in having a sovereign state of citizens with equal rights," Stjepan Kljuic testified at the trial of the former speaker of the Bosnian Serb Assembly, Momcilo Krajisnik.
BORDER ON THE UNA RIVER
At the trial of former SDS leader Momcilo Krajisnik, a protected witness from Bosanska Krupa testifies about the April 1992 Serb takeover of the town--"coordinated by the SDS"--and the announcements made by the Serb side that it would maintain the territory it had taken and that it wanted the border on the Una River.
“IT IS HARD TO SEE DEATH”
Testimony about the massacre of civilians in the village of Prhovo near Kljuc; Kljuc is one of 37 ethnically cleansed municipalities in Bosnia and Herzegovina listed in the indictment against Krajisnik
THE EXPULSION OF MUSLIMS FROM TRNOVO
The court hears testimony about events in Trnovo, listed in the indictment against Momcilo Krajisnik as one of 37 municipalities in BH where Muslims and other non-Serbs were subject to persecution from July 1991 to the end of December 1992.
ESCALATION OF PERSECUTION IN KOTOR VAROS
A protected witness at the trial of Momcilo Krajisnik describes how Muslims and Croats were forced to leave Kotor Varos in a "persecution campaign" which, according to the prosecutor, "escalated to the level of destruction" of parts of both ethnic groups.
UNWILLING PROSECUTION WITNESS
Cautioned by the Presiding Judge that "he did not have to answer any questions that might be self-incriminating," the wartime mayor of Banja Luka, Predrag Radic, begins his testimony at the trial of Momcilo Krajisnik
A WITNESS TO THE LIKING OF THE ACCUSED
Claiming that crisis staffs operated on instructions from "above" – from the top tiers of government – prosecution witness Predrag Radic tries to diminish the role of Pale’s political leadership in events relevant to the indictment against the former speaker of the Bosnian Serb Assembly, Momcilo Krajisnik.
UNWILLING WITNESS IN TROUBLE
During his three days of testimony at the trial of Momcilo Krajisnik, the wartime mayor of Banja Luka, Predrag Radic, has quite a few problems reconciling what he meant when he said the "responsibility of the Pale authorities" to OTP investigators with what he meant during his testimony as a defense witness in the Radoslav Brdjanin case.
INTIMIDATION, LAY-OFFS AND CAMPS
Prosecutors are trying to prove that Prnjavor’s non-Serb population in1992 was terrorized at the instigation of the SDS—the party in which the accused Momcilo Krajisnik was a high-ranking official. Prosecutors have presented one-third of their evidence at the Krajisnik trial; they are expected to rest their case next spring.
MASSACRE ON THE BUS
Dramatic and poignant testimony: one of the few survivors of the massacre of captured Bosniaks from Ahatovici (near Sarajevo) on 14 June 1992 testified today at the trial of Momcilo Krajisnik
THE MASSACRE ON THE BUS ACCORDING TO PALE
Did the Ahatovici Territorial Defense attack forces outnumbering them ten to one in the Rajlovac barracks? Did Muslims attack a bus with Muslim detainees, mistakenly believing them to be Serbs?
KRAJISNIK “PUT HIS HOUSE IN ORDER” FIRST
How the suburb of Zabrdje, where Momcilo Krajisnik’s house was located, “seceded” from the Sarajevo municipality of Novi Grad and joined the “Serb Municipality of Rajlovac”
WHAT DO CAMP INMATES THINK ABOUT?
The witness claims that in the summer of 1992 through an opening in his cell door he saw Momcilo Krajisnik in the Ilidza police station, but he does not know why he was there. The judges have temporarily excluded that part of his testimony from the evidence, allowing the prosecution to seek its admission at a later stage in the proceedings
KARADZIC AND KRAJISNIK – “NO. 1” AND “NO. 2”
“Safe passage” for Momcilo Mandic, first justice minister of Republika Srpska. Although the prosecution refuses to state whether he is considered a suspect, Mandic will testify as a prosecution witness at the trial of Momcilo Krajisnik, former “No. 2 man” in the political chain of command of Bosnian Serbs
THE DISPATCH THAT STARTED THE WAR IN BH
Insider from the Bosnian Serb war administration, Momcilo Mandic, testifying at the Momcilo Krajisnik trial, confirmed that in March 1992 he had signed a dispatch containing orders for the division of BH police forces along ethnic lines
MANDIC’S “TECHNICAL SERVICES” IN THE KULA PRISON
According to official RS data, about 10,000 Muslims civilians passed through the Kula prison between May 1992 and October 1994 - Justice Ministry personnel, former minister Momcilo Mandic claims, merely “provided technical services” in guarding the prisoners
SOLDIER THAT FOLLOWED KRAJISNIK’S ORDERS
Although he is trying to protect himself and at the same time not to harm the accused Krajisnik, witness Momcilo Mandic did let slip certain things that corroborate the very essence of the prosecution case against the former Bosnian Serb political leader
NEGOTIATIONS ABOUT THE DIVISION OF BOSNIA
On the sixth day of his testimony at the trial of Momcilo Krajisnik, Momcilo Mandic spoke about the Serb-Croat negotiations about the division of BH. The participants, as he claims, were Tudjman and Boban on the one side and Radovan Karadzic, Momcilo Krajisnik and Slobodan Milosevic on the other. According to Mandic, in Bosnia “everybody was fighting everybody and everybody negotiated with everybody.”
NO DUEL OF TWO MOMCILOS
At the end of the cross-examination of Momcilo Mandic, the accused Momcilo Krajisnik did not repeat the request that he be allowed to pose a few questions to his former colleague from Pale who has come to The Hague to testify as a prosecution witness
JUDGE EL MAHDI TO WITHDRAW FROM THE KRAJISNIK CASE
Judge El Mahdi said at the end of the hearing today that he would be withdrawing from the Momcilo Krajisnik case next January
KRAJISNIK DOES NOT CONSENT TO CONTINUATION OF TRIAL WITH NEW JUDGE
Former Bosnian Serb political leader – charged with genocide and other war crimes in BH in 1991 and 1992 – demands that his trial go back to square one after the resignation of Judge El Mahdi. It appears that the Appeals Chamber will have the final say in the matter
Prosecutor presents documents and intercepts about direct contacts of the accused Momcilo Krajisnik with the crisis staffs and military commissions on the ground
Forcible transfer of the non-Serb population from the B-H municipalities declared as Serb territories was coordinated by Crisis staffs controlled by the presidency of the Serbian Republic of BH, claims prosecution expert at the trial of Momcilo Krajisnik
ASSEMBLY SPEAKER ACTED TO CALM THE SITUATION
Momcilo Krajisnik’s defense challenged the claims of the prosecution expert witness about the links between the former Assembly speaker and the crisis staffs in the “Serbian municipalities” in BH in late 1991 and early 1992
KARADJORDJE AND THE OTTOMANS
In his testimony today at the trial of Momcilo Krajisnik, former Republika Srpska war commissioner says he tried to understand why the crimes were committed on the ground. One of the explanations is that some Muslim politicians identified themselves with the Ottoman rule, and that Serbs might have been motivated by Karadjordje’s views from the beginning of the 19th century
IMPRESSIONS AND GENERAL VIEWS OF KRAJISNIK
Is the claim made by witness Djokanovic that Krajisnik was the most influential politician in the Serbian Republic in 1992, next to Karadzic, merely “an impression” formed by the witness or was this the “general view in the Serbian Republic of BH”?
DIVISION OF POLICE AND TERRITORY, NOT OF POWER
At the trial of Momcilo Krajisnik, witness Ramiz Alajbegovic describes how the SDS in Rogatica near Sarajevo insisted that the police and the territory should be divided, but that “all power should be given to Serbs”
A VOZD, NO DOUBT ABOUT IT
Radovan Karadzic was the leader of Bosnian Serbs, but he and Momcilo Krajisnik shared the same political views and cooperated with each other most closely – they were “two men in one body”, says Milan Trbojevic, one time Bosnian Serb cabinet member
WHAT DID THE GOVERNMENT KNOW ABOUT DETAINEES?
Former member of the cabinet of the Serbian Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina claims he had no information about what was happening in the detention camps in 1992, while the prosecutor is trying to show that Milan Trbojevic knew more than he is ready to admit
WHO WAS THE BEST-INFORMED?
The Presidency of the Serbian Republic of BH was the best-informed institution – it was in fact the body that gave information to other segments of the government, former deputy prime minister in the SR BH Government Milan Trbojevic
KRAJISNIK WAS “NEITHER FAIR NOR EFFICIENT", KARADZIC WAS "IMPERTINENT AND CHILDISH”
Stjepan Kljuic cross-examined at the trial of Momcilo Krajisnik, former speaker of the BH Assembly, charged with genocide and other war crimes in BH
SYSTEMATIC AND SYMBOLIC DESTRUCTION
According to a prosecution expert witness, about 85 per cent of Islamic and Catholic religious sites were destroyed in Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1992 during the time relevant to the indictment against Momcilo Krajisnik. Dr Andras Riedlemayer indicates that the destruction of mosques and churches was systematic and planned.
SAME GOALS OF THE ARMY AND THE ASSEMBLY
“It is normal for the army to be answerable to the assembly for its activities and for the functioning of the defense system”, prosecution witness Osman Selak says at the trial of the former Bosnian Serb Assembly President Momcilo Krajisnik.
KRAJISNIK DOES NOT WANT LAWYERS
Having concluded that he would "not be able to establish the truth" with the help of his laywers, Momcilo Krajisnik seeks to be allowed to defend himself and to examine witnesses. The Trial Chamber will, as announced, render their decision tomorrow
KRAJISNIK AS "EXPERIMENTAL“ DEFENCE COUNSEL
Judges postponed making their decision on the request made by Krajisnik to defend himself, in order to "study more deeply all the aspects and consequences" of such a step. Until their decision is made, the trial will continue with the present defense team; Krajisnik will be allowed to ask witnesses questions "on an experimental basis"
MOMCILO KRAJISNIK'S FIRST EXPERIMENT
Until the Chamber renders its decision on the request of the accused to represent himself, Krajisnik is allowed to ask additional questions after the cross-examination
ESSENTIALS OF A STATE
In early 1992, Momcilo Krajisnik told the deputies that the "Serbian BH" needed its territory, a responsible government, interior ministry (MUP), national defense and money transfer system
STATE OR ENTITY POLICE
While the prosecution is trying to prove that Momcilo Krajisnik fostered the establishment of the Serb police in BH in order to achieve ethnic division, the accused claims that "entity police" enjoyed support both of the international community and the Bosniaks
KRAJISNIK'S AUTHORIZATION FOR "HUMANITARIAN RELOCATION"
Milorad Davidovic, former police chief in Bijeljina and then chief inspector in the Federal Secretariat of the Interior, returned to Bosnia in April 1992 on the orders of Mihalj Kertes to organize the "supply of weapons and aid to Serbs". Now he claims to have seen a document signed by Krajisnik, authorizing a man by the name of Djurkovic to "carry out a humanitarian relocation" of Bosniaks from Bijeljina
KRAJISNIK CALLS FOR A MINI-TRIAL FOR A PROSECUTION WITNESS
Momcilo Krajisnik and his defense claim that prosecution witness Milorad Davidovic "invents things" and "lies". The accused has asked for the persons the witness referred to in his testimony to be called to The Hague. He claims those persons now say they have not done or said the things Davidovic testified they had
THE PALE-FOCA CONNECTION
A witness at the Momcilo Krajisnik trial says that he had heard the orders for the take-over of power in Foca came from local SDS leaders and from Pale. The defense suggests the witness added "Pale" himself
KRAJISNIK MAKES A BLUNDER
Momcilo Krajisnik gives witness Milorad Davidovic another opportunity to describe how pressure was exerted on Bosniaks to move out of Bijeljina
ETHNIC CLEANSING WAS PLANNED AT THE SDS TOP
Former president of the Sokolac Crisis Staff confirms that the local SDS received instructions from the SDS Main Board. At the trial of Momcilo Krajisnik, the prosecutor is trying to show that the plans for the ethnic division and forcible transfer of the population came from the very top of the Bosnian Serb leadership
MURDERS THAT WERE NOT DISCUSSED IN REPUBLIKA SRPSKA
At the trial of Momcilo Krajisnik, the former president of the crisis staff and of the municipality of Sokolac testified about two mass executions of Bosniaks and the destruction of Bosniak villages. Witness Milan Tupajic says he knew that he would be “investigated in some way too"
By controlling the media, the SDS was able to convince the Bosnian Serbs in 1992 that they were at risk of a genocide – "in such a situation, any means to defend oneself was justified," says British journalist and author Mark Thompson at the trial of Momcilo Krajisnik
BLOODY HOLIDAY IN CELOPEK
Evidence of a massacre against Bosniak detainees in Celopek near Zvornik was presented today at the trial of former SDS leader Momcilo Krajisnik
There were over 650 detention facilities where civilians were held in Bosnia and Herzegovina during the war. Five hundred and twenty of them were in the Bosnian Serb controlled territory, according to the data gathered by the BH Camp Inmates' Association
“CLOSE LINKS” BETWEEN POLITICS AND MILITARY
At the trial of Momcilo Krajisnik, prosecution military expert testifies about the close links between political goals and military actions carried out by the VRS in 1992
BEING IN GOVERNMENT PAYS, AND PAYS WELL
Radomir Neskovic, former vice-chairman of the Executive Council of the Serbian Democratic Party, testifies at the trial of Momcilo Krajisnik about "big business under the party's auspices". This big business made it possible for the SDS members to set up private businesses, build houses and buy apartments in Belgrade
KRAJISNIK HAS CASE TO ANSWER
The motion for acquittal filed by Momcilo Krajisnik's defense has been dismissed. The start of the defense case has been scheduled for 12 September
LIMITS TO SELF-REPRESENTATION
The trial chambers hearing the cases against Krajisnik and Stankovic publish written statements of reasons for their decisions not to allow the accused to represent themselves
KRAJISNIK’S DEFENSE SEEKS ACQUITTAL AGAIN
Krajisnik’s lawyer asks for the quashing of the Trial Chamber’s decision that the prosecutor had presented enough evidence of Krajisnik’s responsibility for the crimes in BH and that the trial should continue with the defense case
KRAJISNIK’S DEFENCE LAWYERS SEEK STAY OF PROCEEDINGS
The defence counsel for the former Bosnian Serb political leader ask for the stay of proceedings until the Appeals Chamber has rendered its decision. Krajisnik owes 180,000 US dollars to his defence team. The pre-defense conference has been scheduled for tomorrow
NEW DELAYS IN KRAJISNIK CASE?
One of the two arguments used by Krajisnik's defense in their motion to postpone the defense case dismissed. Judges will rule on the other argument later
KRAJISNIK'S DEFENCE: THE ACCUSED WILL TESTIFY FOUR MONTHS
The defense seeks three times as much time as the prosecution took for the presentation of the case. Krajisnik's testimony, planned to begin in January, should take 280 hours – almost four months, without a break. Krajisnik "sweats at night"
DEFENCE: "KRAJISNIK VICTIM OF INJUSTICE"
Defense presents opening statement at the trial of the former Bosnian Serb political leader charged with genocide and other crimes in BH in 1991 and 1992. The first defense witness takes the stand
SHIFTING THE BLAME TO A DEAD GENERAL
Momcilo Krajisnik's defense witness claims that the "Wolves of Vucjak", who terrorized the non-Serb population in Prnjavor in 1992, as alleged in the indictment, were in fact under the command of the late General Talic and that the civilian authorities had no control over them
WHO DID THE SDS ARM AND WHY?
Momcilo Krajisnik's defense witness discussed the "political role" of the Serbian Democratic Party in the distribution of weapons and claimed that weapons were distributed both to Serbs and Muslims in Prnjavor, but he was unable to say how it was possible for the weapons to be distributed to Muslims if, as he said, the goal of the SDS was to "prevent the Muslim genocide against Serbs"
KRAJISNIK – "A BUSINESSMAN WITH NO POWER"
Momcilo Krajisnik's defense counsel shifts the blame to SDS politicians who have already been convicted, are in hiding or dead. Furthermore, the witness, former minister in the Bosnian Serb government claims he has never before heard of the versions A and B and of the camps in Pale
MOSQUES WERE SET ON FIRE BY LIGHTING
Momcilo Krajisnik's defense witness testifies about events in Srbac, claiming he doesn't know if the mosques in the village of Kobas were set on fire by an unidentified perpetrator, as the official record stands, or by lighting
KRAJISNIK – MAN WITHOUT ANY INFLUENCE, MEMBER OF AN "INSIGNIFICANT BODY"
Former Republika Srpska prime minister and head of the Banja Luka town hall, Rajko Kasagic claims the accused Krajisnik had no influence over the state authorities and the only punishment he could inflict was "to take away the floor from the deputies in the Assembly"
ARDUOUS EFFORTS TO "REFRESH MEMORY"
As he answered questions by the prosecution, Rajko Kasagic could not remember most of the events in the period relevant for the indictment against Momcilo Krajisnik. The prosecutor had reasons to be happy with the few things Kasagic was able to recall
LUNCH, INSTEAD OF INSTRUCTIONS
Testifying as Krajisnik's defense, Slobodanka Hrvacanin tries to challenge claims made by some prosecution witnesses that the document – made in two versions, A and B – with the plan for the take-over of power in BH municipalities was distributed at a session of the SDS Main Board. She claims all the SDS members present there were in a hurry to have lunch. There was no time, therefore, to distribute the document
BOSNIAN SERBS' WAR OBJECTIVES WERE "FIGURATIVE"
Momcilo Krajisnik's defense witnesses persistently claim that they heard of the key SDS documents from 1991 and 1992 only when they arrived in The Hague to testify. The prosecution is using those documents to prove the existence of a plan for the takeover of power in some municipalities in BH and the separation from other peoples
KARADZIC WAS “COPYCAT”
On the fifth day of his testimony at his own trial, Momcilo Krajisnik claims that the infamous threat Karadzic made in October 1991 – that the Muslims would “disappear” if there was war in BH – was in fact a quote from a speech by Muhamed Filipovic
KARADZIC’S WAR “MARKETING"
On the sixth day of his testimony, Momcilo Krajisnik claims that the war-mongering statements made by SDS deputies and Karadzic’s declaration of a party-wide state of emergency did not mean that Serbs were preparing for war. Those speeches and moves were just “marketing efforts”, he says
FLEMISH MODEL FOR BOSNIANS
Momcilo Krajisnik, testifying in his own defense, spoke today about the SDS vision of the future of BH. Allegedly, the party hoped it could get an independent BH modeled after the Walloon-Flemish system, yet at the same time, it declared its entity to be art of Yugoslavia
KRAJISNIK REGRETS HAVING "TALKED NONSENSE"
Commenting a speech he made in 1993, denying the Muslims the right to exist as a nation, Momcilo Krajisnik, the accused testifying in his own defense, said at the beginning of his cross-examination that he had been "talking nonsense" at the time, adding he was "very sorry" for that now
REAL LIONS AND FABRICATED CAMPS
Wartime information minister in the Bosnian Serb government maintains his 1992 claims about “Muslim fanatics feeding Serb children to the lions in the Sarajevo zoo” are true. At the same time, he says the facilities in the Serb-controlled territory described as concentration camps in the foreign press were in fact “centers where refugees were taken care of”
BILJANA PLAVSIC TESTIFIES AT KRAJISNIK TRIAL AS UNWILLING WITNESS
Former president of Republika Srpska Biljana Plavsic should have started her testimony at the Momcilo Krajisnik trial today, but the hearing was adjourned until tomorrow because of her high blood pressure. Plavsic had been subpoenaed by the Trial Chamber. Before the adjournment, Biljana Plavsic stressed that she was “not on good terms” with the accused and that for her the testimony was “an unpleasant business” she would like to end as soon as possible
After the Detention Unit doctor stated that Biljana Plavsic’s blood pressure “is high, but not critical”, the Trial Chamber decided her testimony could begin. At the beginning of her testimony, she described the accused Krajisnik as one of the two most influential persons among the Bosnian Serbs. As she said, the deputies and the municipal government representatives knew that and that is why they all swarmed in front of Krajisnik’s office
NO SHOW-DOWN BETWEEN KRAJISNIK AND PLAVSIC
The Trial Chamber first allowed the accused Krajisnik to question Biljana Plavsic, then prevented him from doing so, because even before his examination started he kept on saying he disagreed with the witness, thus violating the proper procedure. The witness was also cut short a few sentences into her address to the Chamber, although at first she had been allowed to address the judges “on an issue completely unrelated to the trial”
MOMCILO KRAJISNIK’S DEFENSE COUNSEL CALLS FOR A RE-TRIAL
In the appeal against the judgment sentencing Momcilo Krajisnik to 27 years in prison, Colin Nichols claims that the former Speaker of Bosnian Serb Assembly "did not get a fair trial". In eleven grounds, Nichols, who is Krajisnik’s assigned counsel, contests the entire judgment and calls for a re-trial
HOW TO DEFEND KRAJISNIK IN SPITE OF HIMSELF?
Half a year after he was sentenced to 27 years, Momcilo Krajisnik has yet decided who will represent him in the appellate proceedings. Krajisnik claims he can represent himself – despite the fact that he runs the risk of getting life, as the prosecution has asked for in its appeal
KRAJISNIK’S “(UN)EQUIVOCAL” DEFENSE
Although Judge Schomburg asked Momcilo Krajisnik to declare “unequivocally” whether he would represent himself or engage defense counsel, his reply was “equivocal”: he wanted to represent himself but with expert assistance of several persons
KRAJISNIK COMPLAINS ABOUT CONDITIONS IN DETENTION UNIT
Momcilo Krajisnik, sentenced to 27 years in prison, urges the Appeals Chamber to consider the ‘difficult situation’ he finds himself in. He has ‘not been provided with adequate working conditions’ to work on his appeal. He is representing himself in the appellate proceeding
FAMOUS AMERICAN LAWYER TO ASSIST KRAJISNIK
Alan Dershowitz, the attorney who got American football star O. J. Simpson acquitted of double murder, has agreed to write a brief on the joint criminal enterprise for Momcilo Krajisnik in the appellate proceedings
DERSHOWITZ WILL PARTLY REPRESENT KRAJISNIK
The Appeals Chamber rules that there are no legal obstacles for famous US lawyer Alan Dershowitz to represents Momcilo Krajisnik in a part of the appellate proceedings dealing with his participation in the joint criminal enterprise. The next status conference will be held on 31 March 2008
KRAJISNIK FACES DIFFICULTIES PAYING HIS LAWYER
US authorities block Krajisnik’s payment to American lawyer Alan Dershowitz. His name is on the ‘black list’ of persons prohibited to do business in the USA. Because of ‘difficulties with payment’, Dershowitz stopped drafting the appellate brief on the joint criminal enterprise
KRAJISNIK WILL NOT SUBMIT PART OF HIS APPELLATE BRIEF
Momcilo Krajisnik’s motion for an extension of the deadline for the filing of his appellate brief due to ‘difficulties with payment’ is rejected. Alan Dershowitz, Krajisnik’s US lawyer, was supposed to file the brief on the joint criminal enterprise today
DERSHOWITZ APPEARS BEFORE ICTY FOR THE FIRST TIME
Alan Dershowitz, Krajisnik’s counsel on the joint criminal enterprise issue, is granted another week to file the appellate brief he was drafting, but then stopped working on it because of ‘problems with the fee’
KRAJISNIK: I WAS NOT AWARE OF CRIMES
At the appellate hearing on the appeals against the first-instance judgment sentencing Momcilo Krajisnik to 27 years in prison, the accused denied any knowledge of crimes committed against Muslims and Croats in BH in 1992. Krajisnik called for his acquittal while the prosecution asked for life sentence for the former Bosnian Serb Assembly speaker
KRAJISNIK CALLS KARADZIC TO TESTIFY
Following their conversation on 12 September 2008 in the UN Detention Unit, Krajisnik decided that former RS president Karadzic might help him to overturn the judgment sentencing him to 27 years in prison. If the Appeals Chamber grants his motion to call Karadzic as his witness, the prosecution will have a unique opportunity to cross-examine Karadzic before his trial begins
KARADZIC TO TESTIFY IN KRAJISNIK’S DEFENSE IN NOVEMBER
Former Bosnian Serb assembly speaker Momcilo Krajisnik has been permitted to call Radovan Karadzic to testify in his defense in the appellate proceedings because Karadzic ‘was previously unavailable’. Karadzic’s examination-in chief and cross-examination is expected to take place from 3 to 5 November 2008
Former Bosnian Serb assembly speaker Momcilo Krajisnik has submitted a summary of Radovan Karadzic’s evidence in Krajisnik’s defense before the Appeals Chamber on 5 November 2008
RADOVAN KARADZIC’S ‘WRITTEN EVIDENCE’
The Appeals Chamber has granted Momcilo Krajisnik permission to tender into evidence Radovan Karadzic’ written statement instead of viva voce testimony, if he confirms that the statement is ‘correct and accurate’ and consents to be questioned by the prosecution and the judges. The prosecutor has been given only 90 minutes to cross-examine Karadzic on Wednesday.
KARADZIC SHOWS HIS HAND
In his cross-examination, Karadzic never showed any signs of confusion or wavered in the face of the evidence showed to him by the prosecution; he stuck to the claims he made in his written statement. Karadzic’s written statement was admitted into evidence at the appellate proceedings in the Momcilo Krajisnik case. The prosecutor tried to challenge the credibility of Karadzic as a witness and make him show his hand and reveal how he intends to defend himself at his impending trial
ACCUSED TO QUESTION HIS DEFENSE COUNSEL
Momcilo Krajisnik has been granted permission to call his former defense counsel Nicholas Stewart at the evidentiary hearing in his appellate proceedings. Krajisnik alleges that his defense counsel was incompetent during his trial which ended with a 27 year sentence. Stewart is scheduled to testify on Tuesday, 11 November 2008
KRAJISNIK’S SENTENCE REDUCED TO 20 YEARS
The Appeals Chamber has quashed the conviction of the former Bosnian Serb political leader for murder, extermination and partially for persecution, reducing his sentence by seven years. He will serve 20 years for deportation, forcible transfer and persecution related to those crimes. Krajisnik has been in the Tribunal’s detention unit since April 2000 and could ask for early release in four or five years
KRAJISNIK TO REMAIN IN BRITISH PRISON FOR AT LEAST TWO MORE YEARS
Momcilo Krajisnik, former president of the Bosnian Serb Assembly, has filed a motion for early release, after serving 11 years of his 20-year prison sentence; the motion was rejected. Krajisnik has been convicted of deportation, forcible transfer and persecution of non-Serbs in Bosnia and Herzegovina
KRAJISNIK TO REMAIN IN BRITISH PRISON
The Tribunal’s President dismissed the motion for early release filed by the former Bosnian Serb Assembly speaker. Krajisnik has served 12 years of his 20-year sentence. Krajisnik will now have to wait until August 2013, when he will have served two thirds of his sentence. This is an implicit requirement for early release at the Tribunal. Krajisnik regularly goes to gym and attends a Bible study course